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Dye maleimides連接帶巰基的蛋白或生物分子

時間:2016-11-08 13:10:19       瀏覽:1611

Dye maleimides連接帶巰基的蛋白或生物分子

 

馬來酰亞胺活性基團的熒光染料是目前和帶有巰基的生物分子比如說多肽、蛋白或者小分子做標記或者偶聯的最常用的試劑。


 

Maleimides是一個對thiols有高選擇性的親電化合物,在自然界中基本上不存在Maleimides基團,而有豐富的thiols存在,馬來酰亞胺和巰基會作為半胱氨酸殘基在多肽和蛋白中相遇,雖然天然的DNA中不含有巰基,但是人工合成的寡核苷酸是非常容易制備出來的。

 

Cy3 maleimides , Cy5 maleimides , Cy7 maleimides標記帶有SH的多肽、蛋白還有生物小分子的具體實驗方法和實驗步驟。

 

1. Dissolve the protein or other moleculecontaining thiol to be labeled in degassed buffer (PBS, Tris, HEPES are good,although others buffers containing no thiols can be used) at pH 7-7.5 inplastic vial. Buffer can be degassed by applying vacuum on it for severalminutes, or by bubbling through inert gas (nitrogen, argon, or helium). Forproteins, good concentration is between 1-10 mg/mL.

 

2. Add an excess of TCEP(tris-carboxyethylphosphine) reagent to reduce disulfide bonds, flush withinert gas, and close. 100x molar excess of TCEP is fine. Keep the mixture for20 minutes at room temperature.

 

3. Dissolve maleimide in DMSO or fresh DMF(1-10 mg in 100 uL).

 

4. Add dye solution to thiol solution (20xfold excess of dye), flush vial with inert gas, and close tightly. 5. Mixthoroughly, and keep overnight at room temperature, or 4 Celsius. 6. Purify bygel filteration, HPLC, FPLC, or electrophoresis

 

For maleimides with poor aqueoussolubility, like most dye maleimides, we recommend use of cosolvent (DMF orDMSO). Maleimides with good aqueous solubility (like sulfo-Cy maleimides) canbe dissolved in water. If precipitation occurs, increase content of organicco-solvent in the mixture to achieve better labeling.


相關試劑信息:

Cyanine3maleimide

 

Appearance:

red powder

Molecular weight:

615.20

Molecular formula:

C36H43ClN4O3

Solubility:

soluble in organic solvents (DMF, DMSO, dichloromethane), insoluble in water

Quality control:

NMR 1H (95%) and 13C, TLC, functional testing

Storage conditions:

Storage: 24 months at -20°C in the dark.

 

Cyanine5maleimide


Appearance:

dark blue powder

Molecular weight:

641.24

Molecular formula:

C38H45ClN4O3

Solubility:

soluble in organic solvents (DMF, DMSO, dichloromethane), insoluble in water

Quality control:

NMR 1H (95%) and 13C, TLC, functional testing

Storage conditions:

Storage: 24 months at -20°C in the dark

 

Cyanine7maleimide


Appearance:

green powder

Molecular weight:

707.34

Molecular formula:

C43H51ClN4O3

Solubility:

soluble in organic solvents (DMSO, DMF, dichloromethane), low solubility in water

Quality control:

NMR 1H (95%) and 13C, TLC, functional testing

Storage conditions:

Storage: 24 months at -20°C in the dark.

 

以上資料源于西安瑞禧生物科技有限公司


 

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